What is e-waste and how is it created?
Discarded electronic devices and their parts are termed as e-waste. These comprise of products like mobile phones, air conditioners and televisions as well as their parts. E-waste also includes electronics destined for reuse, resale, salvage or recycling. With the use of technology increasing everyday, the amount of e-waste is also increasing at a high rate.
Why is it harmful?
Electronic waste is growing at an alarming rate with most of the waste being hazardous if not dumped in a proper way. Hazardous materials include metallic contaminants such as lead, cadmium, and beryllium and brominated flame-retardants. These chemicals enter our biological and ecological spheres resulting in deadly consequences. In a country like India, where pollution is a major concern and recycling practices are poor, e-waste causes many environmental problems. Hence, there is a dire need to raise awareness regarding the same as per the E-waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2016, passed by the Ministry of Environment and Forests.
- Electronic waste must be deposited at an authorized collection center for proper recycling.
- Try sharing knowledge on e-waste hazards with others.
- Ask retailers about the ‘take back’ schemes.
- Try to get the product repaired before deciding to discard it.
- Donate the products that are in working condition.